Figs, one of mankind's oldest fruits, is only now receiving its due attention in homes across the United States. Although considered a fruit, the fig is actually a flower inverted into itself. They are the only fruit to ripen on the tree. Originally native from Turkey to northern India, the fig fruit spread to many of the Mediterranean countries. The primary producers of dried figs today are the United States, Turkey, Greece, and Spain. This highly nutritious fruit arrived in the United States by Spanish missionaries settling in Southern California in 1759. Fig trees were soon planted throughout the state.
Varieties of Figs
There are hundreds of fig varieties but the following are most commonly found in today's markets.
- The Calimyrna Fig: Is known for its nut-like flavor and golden skin. This type is commonly eaten as is.
- The Mission Fig: Was named for the mission fathers who planted the fruit along the California coast. This fig is a deep purple which darkens to a rich black when dried.
- The Kadota Fig: Is the American version of the original Italian Dattato fig, that is thick-skinned with a creamy amber color when ripe. Practically seedless, this fig is often canned and dried.
- The Brown Turkey Fig: has copper-colored skin, often with hints of purple, and white flesh that shades to pink in the center. This variety is used exclusively for the fresh fig market.
Availability of Figs
Fresh figs are available July through September. Dried figs are never out of season, and are available all year. You can find them in your favorite grocery store in the produce or dried fruit section.
Look for figs that are soft and smell sweet. Handle carefully because their fragile skins bruise easily.
Store fully ripened figs in the refrigerator up to 2 days; bring to room temperature before serving.
Using Dried Figs As a Replacement For Fat in Your Recipes
Dried figs are excellent replacement for fat in baked goods. Just remember when using dried figs to replace shortening or oil in baking do not overmix or overbake. Use only half of the normal amount of shortening, margarine, butter or oil, in a recipe when using dried puree. For instance, if 1 cup of margarine is called for, use only 1/2 cup. Then use 1/2 of the fig puree. Here is a simple fig puree recipe to include in your baking recipes.
2 cups dried figs
3/4 cup water
2 teaspoons vanilla
Puree figs, water and vanilla in blender or food processor. Use as directed. Makes about 1-1/2 cups.
Nutritional analysis per serving: Calories 178, Protein 2g, Fat 1g, Calories From Fat 4%, Cholesterol 0mg, Carbohydrates 44g, Fiber 9g, Sodium 9mg.
The 29 Healthiest Foods on the Planet