Other Names: Ail-Heal, Amantilla. Setwall, Setewale. Capon's Tail, Heliotrope, Vandal Root
Herbalists and students of herbal medicine are all familiar with the popular and widely used herb known as valerian. It is said to work like the prescription drug, Valium, without the side effects.
Valerian is the root of a perennial member of the valerian family found in eastern, southeastern, and eastcentral Europe, to south Sweden and the southern Alps. It escaped from cultivation in the northeastern United States and is commercially grown in Europe, the United States, and elsewhere.
Valerian, not a major medicinal plant of the ancient classical authors, was best known to them as a diuretic and treatment for menstrual difficulties.
Valerian root has a distinctive unpleasant odor which is only present in the dried form. The fresh root has no odor. In the drying process, components in the root hydrolyze to form isovaleric acid. It is this compound that causes the offensive odor. This odor is said to be attractive to rats.
Valerian as an Herb for Medicinal Uses
The medicinal parts are the carefully dried underground parts and the dried roots. The flowers are fragrant and the rhizome smells strongly when dried. The odor is not present in the fresh plant. Hydrolysis of componants in the root form isovaleric acid which is responsible for the offensive smell.
Valerian is approved by Commission E for treating nervousness and insomnia.
The Greek physician Galen used it for epilepsy in children and adults. An Italian nobleman, Fabio Colonna, born in 1567, suffered from epilepsy and found Galen's reference. He took valerian himself and claimed it completely restored his health. His words stimulated interest in the plant as a sedative.
Use of valerian to relieve spasms and as a sleep aid evolved in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Valerian was an official remedy in the U. S. Pharmacopoeia from 1820 to 1936.
Valerian is widely used in Europe as a mild nerve sedative and sleep aid for insomnia, excitability, and exhaustion. Experimental studies have shown that it depresses the central nervous system and relieves muscle spasms.
Folk medicine: Valerian is used for restlessness, sleeping disorders based on nervous conditions, mental strain, lack of concentration, excitability, stress, headache, neurasthenia, epilepsy, hysteria, nervous cardiopathy, menstrual states of agitation, pregnancy, menopause, neuralgia, fainting, nervous stomach cramps, colic, uterine spasticity and states of anxiety.
In the 1980s Swiss researchers studied the effects of valerian water extracts on sleep patterns. The time taken to fall asleep was reduced, especially in older patients and insomniacs. No hangover effect, a common complaint among users of synthetic sedatives, was reported the following morning. German health authorities allow use of valerian in sedative and sleep-inducing preparations for states of excitation and for difficulty in falling asleep due to nervousness.
Seductive and Hypnotic
Valerian root has been used for centuries in Europe and Asia as a sedative/hypnotic agent. However, there are many other purported uses for this plant; however, most of these do not have any scientifically proven merit.
Valerian Root is a good short-term sedative that works quickly, offering a healthy, non-toxic alternative to prescription drugs. It is claimed that Valerian root decreases the time it takes for a person to fall asleep and that it also improves sleep quality. Two-thirds of American women complain of frequent sleep problems; this herb may be just what many need.
Studies show that valerian helps to bring on sleep with no side effects, plus it is NOT addictive. If you try valerian for sleep problems, be sure you do not take it with other sedatives like muscle relaxants or antihistamines.
For insomnia, valerian works best when taken right at bedtime to help induce sleep quickly.
- Infusion 1: 1 teaspoon root in 1 pint water and steeped for 2 hours; drink cold. Take one cup one to several times per day
- Infusion 2: 1 level teaspoonvalerian soaked in 1 cup cold water; cover and place in fridge for 12 to 24 hours; strain and drink 1 hour before bed.
Tea bags: A tea is prepared by adding 1 teaspoonful (3 to 5 g) of herb to 150 ml of hot water and strain after 10 to 15 minutes. Take one cup (150 ml) 2 to 3 times daily and before bedtime.
An extract is prepared by mixing 2 parts root powder to 6 parts spirit of wine and 9 parts water. Take 2 to 3 g one to several times per day.
For external use, 100 g of comminuted drug is mixed with 2 liters hot water; this is then added to the bath.
Culinary Uses of Valerian
Folklore & Magickal Uses
Use valerian in protective sachets; place it under your pillow to help you fall asleep. Powdered valerian root is considered a valid substitute for "graveyard dust."
Valerian is a perennial herb that is harvested in its natural environment in India and Western Asia. It has been used historically to support relaxation and normal sleep patterns. Each capsule of Vitabase Valerian 4:1 valerian root extract is equal to 500 mg of Valerian root powder.
According to legend, the Pied Piper used Valerian root to lure rats from the village of Hamlin.
Some individuals may experience temporary stomach upset. Despite these findings, valerian is generally considered safe. Gastrointestinal complaints can occur in rare cases, contact allergies in very rare ones.
With long-term administration, the following can occasionally appear: headache, restless states, sleeplessness, mydriasis, disorders of cardiac function.
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