Assist in Metabolizing Carbohydrates
Pantothenic Acid is a water-soluable vitamin important in the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats, along with the formation of hormones and nerve-regulating substances.
The term pantothenic acid is derived from the Greek word pantos, meaning everywhere. Pantothenic acid is widely distributed in plant and animal food sources, where it occurs in both bound and free forms.
Rich sources of the vitamin include organ meats (liver, kidney), egg yolk, avocados, cashew nuts and peanuts, brown rice, soya, lentils, broccoli and milk. Royal Jelly and brewer's yeast, both of which are used as nutritional supplements, are two of the richest sources of pantothenic acid. The richest sources of the vitamin are the ovaries of cod and tuna. Pantothenic acid is synthesized by intestinal microflora and this may also contribute to the body's pantothenic acid requirements.
Spices of paprika and anise contain pantothenic acid.
Pantothenic acid is often referred to as an anti-stress vitamin due to its essential role in the formation of various adrenal hormones. These hormones allow you to adapt to and respond effectively to various types of stress.
Pantothenic acid is important to the nervous system as well as contributing to the production of important neurotransmitters in the brain.
Pantothenic acid also supports the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract and maintains a healthy immune system, including stimulation of antibody production.
Pantothenic acid deficiency in humans is rare. Symptoms of pantothenic acid deficiency, which has occurred under conditions of severe malnutrition, include numbness in the toes and painful burning in the feet (melalgia).
Contact dermatitis has been reported with topical use of dexpanthenol.
Resource: National Research Council. Recommended Dietary Allowances, 10th Edition. Washington.
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